The 10 golden rules for oral and dental hygiene

One of my university professors used to jokingly say: “Time heals everything except cavities!”

He was right, but forgot to specify that dental cavities – in addition to not healing over time – have something in common with periodontitis, peri-implantitis, halitosis and numerous other oral infections: poor oral hygiene.

Achieving and maintaining excellent oral and dental hygiene should be the basis for preventing numerous diseases of the mouth and teeth, in order to save money on dental treatments and to generally improve your health and entire body, as everything starts in your mouth.

At the dentist

To maintain good oral and dental hygiene, going to the dentist regularly is essential. Your dentist will thoroughly eliminate the stains, plaque and tartar on your teeth using professional instruments, a well as examining the state of health of your teeth and the surrounding tissue.

Professional dental hygiene does not require anaesthesia and is a safe, noninvasive, quick and very predictable treatment.

Regular treatment contributes to maintaining your mouth in perfect health and therefore plays an essential role in recognising and preventing disorders of the teeth and oral soft tissues.

Dental hygiene checkup at Dental Geneva
Dr. Gauthier Bruno and his assistant Melissa Scheidt doing a dental checkup.

Properly cleaning your teeth also allows to prevent other problems in the case of systemic diseases (such as periodontal disease), which should not be underestimated, given the growing prevalence of diseases such as hypertension or diabetes and the now demonstrated correlation between the latter and poor oral and dental hygiene.

At home

A good dental hygienist isn’t only responsible for “cleaning” your teeth at the office, but also and above all for informing each patient on how to maintain their teeth at home. To do so, it is necessary to create a personalised oral and dental health plan indicating the tools, techniques and products to use depending on your needs.

Here are the 10 golden rules for oral and dental hygiene :

  1. Brush your teeth after each meal (2 to 3 times a day). If you have no other choice, flossing or brushing can be reduced to once a day. If you wear an orthodontic device or have dentures or an implant, you should do so on a more frequent basis.
  2. Whether manual or electric, always properly clean and store your toothbrush, and don’t forget to replace it every two months at a minimum.
  3. Brush your teeth in the front and in the rear, on the inside and the outside equally. It should take approximately 2 minutes for all of your teeth.
  4. Use a toothpaste containing fluoride.
  5. Buy soft toothbrushes.
  6. Use dental floss. Floss should only need to be inserted once, softly between teeth and not jarringly, as this could risk damaging your gums.
  7. Brush your tongue forward and backwards to eliminate food residue and the bacteria responsible for bad breath.
  8. Don’t use mouthwashes that contain alcohol or disinfectants on a regular basis. These lead to a significant loss of diversity of the oral microbiome as well as the acidification of saliva, which can lead to tooth demineralisation.
  9. Limit your consumption of coffee, licorice, vegetables with a very intense color or red wine, which can stain your tooth enamel over the long term.
  10. Generally speaking, avoid acidic or sugar-laden foods, which can promote the proliferation of bacteria.

In short: a few actions are enough to maintain a perfect smile. But everything starts with prevention! Call our office and we will be happy to help you find the professional oral and dental treatment best suited to you!

Dr Victoria Masserey Klimovich
Dr Victoria Masserey Klimovich

Orthodontist at Dental Geneva practice.
Master of Orthodontics from the University of King's College London. Member of the European Orthodontic society and Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.